From other places to utopian cities

Foucault described heterotopias as temporal. There have been different heterotopias in different cultures in each era in history. In recent centuries, fast-growing technology and metropolitan expansions yielded new heterotopias to emerge inside the cities. The cities and their inhabitants witnessed new problems caused by environmental and housing policies. If the heterotopia is an approximation of imaginary utopia in the real world, it makes sense to realize utopia if we try to extend these individual other places to all places. We need to change our understanding of place and space and our built environment. Since utopia is a place where desire matters, humans should be regarded as independent rather than recurring beings. And since the identity manifests itself in place and not in non-place, the existence of place and an independent human being are intertwined. In this phenomenological approach to human-space relations, the solutions will be qualitative.

The article was presented at Victoria Summer Camp and published in the Utopian Cities, Programmed Societies journal.